Anemia caused by low iron level in children
Jan 9, 2021 - Jan 10, 2021
08:00 PM - 08:00 PM (Asia/Kolkata)
Cairo Festival City, Cairo Festival City

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It is a condition in which the body no longer has enough healthy red blood cells. Red blood cells carry oxygen to body tissues. There are many types of anemia.

Iron helps the formation of red blood cells and helps them carry oxygen. Lack of iron in the body can lead to anemia. The medical term for this condition is iron deficiency anemia or iron deficiency anemia.

Causes of iron deficiency in children

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Anemia caused by low iron is the most common form of anemia . The body gets iron from certain foods. It also recycles iron from old red blood cells.

A diet without enough iron is the most common cause of this type of anemia in children. When a child grows quickly, as in puberty, even more iron is needed.

Young children who drink too much cow's milk can also become anemic if they don't eat other healthy foods that contain iron.

Other causes can be:

  • Inability of the body to absorb iron well, even if the child is consuming enough of this element.
  • Slow and prolonged blood loss, usually due to menstrual periods or bleeding in the digestive tract.

Iron deficiency in children can also be related to lead poisoning .


Mild anemia may have no symptoms. As iron levels and blood counts drop, your child may:

  • Act irritable
  • Having trouble breathing
  • Craving unusual foods (pica)
  • Eat less
  • Feeling tired or weak all the time
  • Have a sore tongue
  • Have a headache or dizziness

With more severe anemia, your child may have:

  • Bluish or very pale coloration of the whites of the eyes
  • Brittle nails
  • Pale skin

Tests and exams

The healthcare provider will perform a physical exam.

Tests that may be abnormal with a low level of iron in the body include:

  • Hematocrit
  • Serum ferritin
  • Serum iron
  • Total iron binding capacity (CTFH)

A measurement called iron saturation (serum iron level divided by the CTFH value) can help diagnose iron deficiency. A value of less than 15% confirms the diagnosis.


Because children only absorb a small amount of the iron they consume, most children need 3 mg to 6 mg of iron per day.

Eating healthy foods is the most important way to prevent and treat iron deficiency. Good sources of iron include:

  • Apricots
  • Chicken, turkey, fish, and other meats
  • Dried beans, lentils, and soybeans
  • Eggs
  • Liver
  • Molasses
  • Oatmeal
  • Peanut butter
  • Plum juice
  • Raisins and prunes
  • Spinach, kale, and other green leafy vegetables

If a healthy diet does not prevent or treat your child's low iron and anemia, his provider will likely recommend iron supplements. These are taken orally.

DO NOT give your child iron supplements or vitamins with iron without first checking with your child's provider. The provider will prescribe the correct type of supplement for your child. If your child takes too much iron, it can cause poisoning.

Expectations (prognosis)

With treatment, the prognosis is likely to be good. In most cases, blood counts will return to normal in 2 to 3 months. It is important for the provider to find the cause of your child's iron deficiency.

Possible complications

Anemia caused by low iron can affect a child's ability to learn in school. A low iron level can cause decreased attention span, reduced alertness, and learning problems in children.

A low level of iron can cause the body to absorb too much lead.


Eating a variety of healthy foods is the most important way to prevent and treat iron deficiency.

Alternative names

Anemia - iron deficiency - children

  1. ​Cairo Festival City,
    Cairo Festival City,
    Cairo, Cairo Governorate, Egypt


Organiser : anton mark

anton mark

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Anemia caused by low iron level in children

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